泛亚电竞


浅谈军事理论研究的思路和方法

来源:泛亚电竞_泛亚电竞竞猜-官网APP下载 作者: 高义村责任编辑: 马嘉隆
2019-09-23 00:02

从战役矛盾运动规律说起

——浅谈军事理论研究的思路和方法

■gaoyicun

yaodiantishi

泛亚电竞●zhiyaozhanyoudexinxihuocailiaozugou,yongxinqusikao,yidansikaodaowei,linggandaolaideqiantihejichujiuyoule。

●zhanyizuoweiyigefuzadezhanzhengshiwu,yeshiyigexitong,yeyaozunxunjiegoujuedinggongneng、jiegouzhibianguilv,bixuchuangsheyigehelidezhanyijiegou,yiqigongnengshixiandachengzhanyimude。

(yi)

zaizhanyixueyanjiuzhongfanyadianjingzhidao: zhanyijiegouyuzhanyimudedemaodunshituidongzhanyifazhandejibenmaodun,nulichuangzao、buzhuoyouliyufanyadianjingdezhanyijiegoushizhanyichouhuayaojiejuedehexinwenti。neime,weishenmeshizhanyijiegouerbushiqitadongxizhijiejuedingzhanyishengfu,weishenmezhanyijiegouyingzuoweizhanyizhihuiyuanguanzhudehexin,qibeihoudejilishishenme?

zhanyijiegouyuzhanyimudegouchengzhanyidejibenmaodun,shiyouweiwubianzhengfajixitonglunyuanligongtongjuedingde。weiwubianzhengfazuoweimakesizhuyirenshilun,zuichedizuiquanmiandijieshileshiwudebenzhijifazhanguilv。tarenweishijieshiyouwushuxianghulianxi、yilai、zhiyue、zuoyongdeshiwuheguochengxingchengdetongyizhengti,guilvshizhijiushishiwuyushiwu、shiwuneibugouchenggeyuansuzhijianzaishijian、kongjianshangdewendingguanxi。zheiyibiaoshu,shijiyuxiandaiyibanxitonglunneihanyizhi。xitonglunrenwei,xitongjiegoujuedinggongneng,jiegouzhibian,shiwudexingnengjiuhuifashengzhibian。baweiwubianzhengfadesandaguilvyuxitonglunzheixieguandianouheqilai,keyizuoruxiabiaoshu: shiwuneibuquanbuyaosu,zaiwaijieshuruxinxideqingkuangxia,buduanhuichanshengyaosuliangdebianhuahefangxiangdebianhua,zheiyibuduanzizhangdeyaosujianguanxidebianhuazongzaidiaozhengshiwudejiegou,yidanfangxiangpianchadaoyidingchengdu、shuliangdadaoyidingdeliang,jiegoujiufashengzhibian,zheijiushiliangbiandaozhibianguilvdexitonglunshizhi;suizhewaijienenglianghexinxidefanfuyingxiang,shiwuhuibuduanronghuixingchengyigegexinjiegou,buduanchanshengxindegongnengjiejuexindemaodun,zheiyiguochengyekemiaoshuweifoudingzhifoudingguocheng,shiyizhongjieduandejiegoufoudinglingyizhongjieduandejiegou。zheiyang,zongtilaijiang,shiwuneibujiegouyuxingongnengzhijiandemaodun,jiushituidongshiwufazhandejibenmaodun。

泛亚电竞zhanyizuoweiyigefuzadezhanzhengshiwu,yeshiyigexitong,yeyaozunxunjiegoujuedinggongneng、jiegouzhibianguilv,bixuchuangsheyigehelidezhanyijiegou,yiqigongnengshixiandachengzhanyimude。yigezhanyijiegouxingchengle,xiangyingzhanyimudeshixianle,zheigezhanyijiujieshule。suoyi,zhanyijiegouyuzhanyimudezhijiandemaodun,shizhanyizheigeshiwuyundongguochengzhongdejibenmaodun。congzhanzhengfazhankan,zaizhanzhengxingshidebuduanbianhuazhong,buduanyongxindejiegouqujiejueyigeyouyigezhanyi,congertuidongzhanzhengxiangqianfazhanzhizhizhanzhengjieshu。

(er)

yanjiutansuoweiwubianzhengfayuxitonglunouhedeguilv,duiyujunshililunyanjiuyoushenmeyiyi?yiyijiuzaiyutatigongleyigekeyimiaoshude、kecaozuoxingqiangdekaochashiwu、yanjiushiwu、jiejuewenti、tuidongfazhandeyibanfangfalunrenshilun。taqifafanyadianjing,zaiyanjiuzhongdawentishi,yaojinkenengzhaodaoyingxiangzheigewentisuozailingyudequanbuwaibuyinsuhuoxinxi,erhoudiaozhengxingchengyigezuijiadeyaosugouchengguanxi,yejiushijiegou,yichanshengxindegongneng,jiejuexindemaodun。

泛亚电竞maozedongtongzhizai《maodunlun》zhongzhichu,waiyinshibianhuadetiaojian,neiyinshibianhuadegenju,waiyintongguoneiyinerqizuoyong。duici,lieningyeyouguoshenkelunshu。lieningtichudebianzhengweiwuzhuyirenshilunsixiangyaoqiu,qizhongdiyigejiushiyaoquanmiankaochashiwu,yejiushiyaobawo、yanjiushiwudeyiqiefangmian,yiqielianxihezhongjie。jiyaokaochaqingchusuoyouyingxiangshiwudewaibuyinsu。congxitonglunjiaodujiedu,jiushiyaobawoxitongyuwaijiejiaohuanxinxihenengliangdesuoyouqudao,yijijiaohuandeduixiang。suoyifanyadianjingzaiyanjiuyigexindezhongdawentishi,shouxianyaofenxixingshi,gaoqingjuedingshiwubianhuadewaibuyinsushishenme,huanjuhuashuojiushiweishenmeyanjiuzheigewenti,huozheshuoshi“zenmekan”zheigeshiwu。dierbushijiejueshiwudebentifazhanguilv,jiushineiyin。

泛亚电竞lieningjiangdediergeyaoqiu,shiyaozaishiwudefazhanyundongzhongguanchashiwu。zheishiyinweishiwufazhanhebianhuadegenbenyuanyinjineiyin,shishiwuzishendeneizaimaodun,zheiyaoqiufanyadianjingfenxishiwujibenmaodun,yigejieduandezhuyaomaodunjimaodundezhuyaofangmian。congxitonglunkan,jiushiyaofenxixitongneibuyaosujiqiguanxi。zaifenxishiwuneiyinshi,yibanshizhucengfenxi,xianfenxishiwugouchengdezhijiexiaweixingyinsujiqifazhanbianhua。jiushixianfenxixitongdezixitong,zixitonglihaiyouzixitong,zhidaozuihoudegangti,jiushiyaosu。zheigewenti,jiushifanyadianjingyaojiejuedeshiwu“zenmeban”dewenti。

泛亚电竞lieningjiangdedisangeyaoqiu,shiyaobarendeshijianzuoweirenshidejichuhejianyanzhenlidebiaozhun。bizherenwei,zheishimakesizhuyimingquexuanchengde“zhexuejiamenzhishiyongbutongdefangshijieshishijie,erwentizaiyugaibianshijie”deshizhineihan,shifanyadianjingzaibaworenleishehuifazhanguilvdejichushang,yirendezhutixing,zunxunzhutidemude、liyihexuyao“biangeshijie”,barendezuzhiyinsuquanbufangjinqu,yirenleizijijirenweixitongqutuidongshiwu。zheiyangjiushejiduishiwu“zenmezhua”dewenti,tiaochushiwuyingxiangdewaibuyinsu、neibuyinsuzhiwai,fanyadianjingyirendezhutixinglaijinxingshijian,laijinxingtuidong。zheiyang,renleishehuifazhandeneirong,jiucongshiwubenshendeshishiweidu、ziranweidu,fazhandaorendeshijianhuodongdejiazhiweidu、shehuiweidu,shiwufazhandelishiguochengjiuwanzhengle。

泛亚电竞zheiyangkanlai,“zenmekan、zenmeban、zenmezhua”dezongtiyanjiusilushirenleimuqianyanjiuhetuidongshekeleishiwudejibenbanfa,yeshijunshililunyanjiuzunxundejibensilu。

(san)

泛亚电竞“zenmekan、zenmeban、zenmezhua”,sanzhegouchengyigewendingdejiejuewenti、chengxianxingshidejibenjiegou。nantijizhongzai“zenmeban”shang,jiruhexingchengyigexindejiegoutebieshiruhechuangxinxingchengyigefuzaxitongjiegou?huidazheigewenti,yaojingli“sancengjingjie”dekuayue。

泛亚电竞diyicengjingjie: zuoyexifengdiaobishu,dushanggaolou,wangjintianyalu。zheilimianguanjiandianzaiyulianggezi: duhejin。“du”jiushisuoyouguandianzuizhongyaojihedaoyigenaozili,cainengronghuiguantong。yuefeishuode“yunyongzhimiao,cunhuyixin”jiubaohanlezheigedaoli。ciwai,shiyige“jin”zi,jiushiyaobawentishejidequanbuneiwaiyinsugaoqingchu。chongfenzhanyoucailiao,lishide、xianshide、waijundedengxiangguancailiaodouyaojinkeneng“wangjin”,“wangjintianyalu”。shijishang,maozedongtongzhide“zhengquedepanduanlaiyuanyuzhoudaodebiyaodezhencha”,《zhanzhenglun》zhongjunshitiancaideyaosuzhiyi“zhishiquanmian”,shuodeyeshizheigedaoli。

diercengjingjie: yidaijiankuanzhongbuhui,weiyixiaoderenqiaocui。zaizhangwoquanbucailiaohou,kaishijinxingsikao。sikaobixuchaozheyushedemubiao,yunyongquanbucailiaojinxingpengzhuangjiaocuo、ronghuiguantong,jinxingfanfushicuo,zheishiyigejiankudesiweiguocheng,tebieshiduiyixiexinwentidejiejueeryan,siweihuodonggengshijianku。zhiyaozhanyoudexinxihuocailiaozugou,yongxinqusikao,yidansikaodaowei,linggandaolaideqiantihejichujiuyoule。maozedongtongzhide“duiyugezhongzhenchacailiaodelianguanqilaidesisuo”,《zhanzhenglun》zhongguanyujunshitiancaideyaosuzhier“kekuzuanyan”,doushizheigezhixiang。

disancengjingjie: zhonglixuntaqianbaidu,moranhuishou,neirenquezai,denghuolanshanchu。guwangjinlai,xuduo“dajia”douyishidaohuopengdaoguozheigewenti。juchuan,pingguodiaodaoniuduntoushang,cushitafaxianwanyouyinlidinglv。qishi,renhelilundexingchengdoushixianyouzheiyililundejibenzhishi,jingfanfupengzhuangjiaocuoxingchengyigechengxingdezhishijiegouhuozhexitong,pingguowangxiadiaoerbushiwangshangfeizheiyangyigeqishixingzhishidaoweihou,quanbuzhishixunsuwanzheng、jiegouxunsudingxingyiyongxianchuxindegongneng。siweikexuezhuanjialiukuilinjiaoshouduicileiqingkuangcengshuoguo“linggandeyunyuyeyouyigeguocheng,zhibuguobuzaiyishifanweizhinei,erzaiyishifanweizhiwai,zaiqianyishi。dangyunniangchengshu,queturangoutong,yongxianyuyishi,chengweilinggan”。

shangshu“sancengjingjie”weijunshililunyanjiutigongleyigejibensiluhefangfa,jiqiongjinquanbucailiao、lengjingshenkesikao、chufachanshenglinggan。ruguoyongfuzaxingkexuelaijieshi,jiushizhiyuanyouzhishixitongjiejuebuleneibudewentishi,bixuzhuruxinzhishituidongyuanxitongchanshengxinxitongxinjiegou,xinxitongxinjiegouronghewentihouyongxianchuxingongnenglaijiejue。zhihuiyuanzaixuanzezuozhanxingshi、shejizhanzhengzhanyijiegou,yanjiurenyuanzaiyanjiuzhongdajunshiwentishi,douyaoyouzheiyangyigezaigenggaocengcigengdaxitongneishixiansiweifeiyuedeguocheng。dangran,zaijinxingjutiwentiyanjiushi,haiyingjieheshiwudejutiqingkuanglinghuoyunyong,buduanchuangshexindejiegou、zengjiaxindegongneng、jiejuexindemaodun。

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