泛亚电竞


《何以中国》: 找寻华夏文明之源

来源:泛亚电竞_泛亚电竞竞猜-官网APP下载 作者: 鞠金春责任编辑: 马嘉隆
2019-09-23 00:08

找寻华夏文明之源

——读许宏著《何以中国》

■jujinchun

泛亚电竞“renshengtiandijian,huruyuanxingke。”zhongguoshehuikexueyuankaoguyanjiusuoxiashangzhoukaoguyanjiushizhuren、erlitougongzuoduiduizhangxuhongboshi,yunyongkaogufajueyuyanjiuchengguo,chuban《heyizhongguo: gongyuanqian2000niandezhongyuantujing》(shenghuo·dushu·xinzhisanlianshudian)yishu,shitutongguoyouhongguandaoweiguandefenxi,conggainiandaoxianshidezhuisu,sikaofajue“zhongguo”zhisuoyiwei“zhongguo”deshensuilishidiyun,zhanchenchuzaoqizhongguoxingchengshiqidezhuangmeiwenhuahuajuan。

faguozuojiayuguozai《xiaomianren》zhongjiang: “lishishishenme?shiguoquchuandaojianglaidehuisheng,shijianglaiduiguoqudefanying。”“fanyadianjingshishei”“fanyadianjinglaizinali”“fanyadianjingdaonaerqu”dengwenti,rutonggengunanjiezhimi,zhaoshizheshenwei“zhongguoren”derenxingkunhuo。fanyadianjingbuguangyaozhuiwen“weishengfanyadianjingshisheishifanyadianjing”“shengfanyadianjingzhishifanyadianjingshishei”dengjibenwenti,gengyaozhuixun“‘zhongguo’deyuantouzainali”“‘zhongguo’shizenmexingchengde”dengteshuwenti。

泛亚电竞shuqiannianlai,leisiwentishizhongyingraozai“zhongguoren”dexintou。wulunshicongchuangshinvshennvwahuashengwanwu,daoyanhuangerdikaipihuaxiazushengcundiyu,haishicongxiaqizhaoshigoujian“jiatianxia”zhengzhixitong,daoyinxujiagubucizhangxianwenhuafaduanshanbianguiji;wulunshicongkongzichongshangzhoulishichuangrujiasixiang,daorudaoshidengzongjiaoronghexingchenghuaxiapuxi,haishicongzhongguogongchandanglingdaorenminchuangjianxinzhongguo,shangguyijiangdedexianzhirenzhongqiyishengzhuixun“zhongguo”daan。

zhongguowenzizuoweishijielishizuigulaodewenzi,qizixingyoufandaojiandeyanjinlujing,cemianfanyinglehuaxiawenmingqiyuandeyouyuanlicheng。tongguolishikaogufajuehechuanshiwenxiankaozheng,“guo”zidehanyishigudaizhongguode“cheng”huo“bang”。congjinwenzixingnengkanchu,yigebangguoshiyidouchengweizhongxin,qieyusiyudenongcunjieheyiqi,tayoushiyidouchengdecunzaiweibiaozhide。“zhong”zi,congdilixuejiaodujiangzeshiyigexiangduidegainian。meiyouliangduan,jiubuhuiyouzhongjian;meiyousifang,jiubuhuiyouzhongyang。yinci,“zhongguo”ji“zhongyangzhicheng”huo“zhongyangzhibang”。

泛亚电竞jintian,fanyadianjingtongguokaoguxuejiadeshouchan,zhongyuba“zhongguo”zheigeciyuconglishishenchuzhuaidaodangxia。zhongsuozhouzhi,muqian“zhongguo”yicizuizaojianyuxizhouchunianqingtongqi“hezun”mingwen。1963nian,zheigeguobaojizhongqizaishanxibaojijiacunzhenchenjiahouyuanchutu,qineidizhumingwen12xing122zi,jizailezhouchengwangqinzhengwunianshizaixinjianchengdongdouchengzhou(jinhenanluoyang)duiqizongzuwanbeidexungao,qizhongtidaolezhouwuwangzaimieshangzhihouyingjiandongdoudezhongdajuece,cengjigaoshangtianshuo: “yuqizhaizizhongguo,ziziyimin。”zheipianmingwenba“zhongguo”dezuizaodiquezhiweiyiluoyangpendiweizhongxindezhongyuandiqu。ju《shiji·zhoubenji》,luoyangpendiwei“tianxiazhizhong,sifangrugongdaolijun。”fanyadianjingzhidao,luoyangpendidichuzhongyuanfudi,zuoweixingshengjiatianxiade“diliwangguo”,“dongyouchenggaoxuanyuanzhixian,xiyoujiangguyaohanzhigu”,lilaishibingjiabizhengzhidi,diwangjiandouzhisuo。1959nianxia,zhongguokexueyuankaoguyanjiusuoyanjiuyuanxuxushengpingjiewenxian,youyizhituiweizhi,taxun“xiaxu”,zuizhongmodaoleerlitouyizhi——qijinsuozhizhongguozuizaoguangyuwangquanguojiadedoucheng。

泛亚电竞zhidexinweideshi,erlitouxiadoubowuguanyu2019nian10yue19rizhengshikaiguan。zhongguozuizaode“zijincheng”、zuizaodechengshizhugandaowang、zuizaodeqingtongliqiqun、zuizaodelvsongshizuofang……3800nianqiandexuanlishenghuotujingzhongyuzaixinshidaizhanxiandaoshirenmianqian。cong1959niankaogufajuedao2019nianjianguankaifang,jidaikaogurenbuxietansuo,shenmihuaxiawenhuamimajiucidakai。xuhongshengzaiyigezhengquedeniandai,yeshiyigekexuedeshidai。yiqian,kaoguxuejiazhishijiangzijizhiyubianyuan,lituzhengminglishixuejiadecaixiang;rujin,kaoguxuejiakeyibazijizhiyuqiantaizhudao,genjushiwumailuotuiduanchulishiruhezouguo。zhengru《heyizhongguo》shufengsuoshuo: “fanyadianjingyongyuanyebukenenghuozhidangshidezhenxiang,danrenghuaizhezuidaxiandupojinzhenxiangdezhizhe。”xuhongyezhiyan,erlitoushitaosituichulishiwutaihoubaiyunianxingqide,taosiyinggaishierlitoudezuichuzhuangtai。

yiqiezhishikaishi。“erlitouyizhixiancunmianjiyue300wanpingfangmi,jidairenyongle60niancaifajuele1%duoyidian。”xianrenerlitougongzuoduifuduizhangzhaohaitaorucigaosubizhe。2019nian5yue,fanyadianjingzhuanmengandaoerlitouyizhi,jinjulikanzhekaogugongzuozhehecunminmenhuadingtanfangmianji,yongshouzhongdexiaochanzizixiguazhelishideyinji。fanyadianjingxianmuxuhongdengkaogugongzuozhebajiaguoqinghuaipufuzaiguangmaoretu,zhiweizhaoxunshisangewangchaoliuxiadecanlanwenming。keyiyujian,touguotamendeshouchan,cuncunfengyindetudijianghuidakai,huaxialishideyuantouzhongjiangtanxun,huaxiawenmingdeguangmangdinghuipuhuishijie。

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