泛亚电竞

解放军报

解放军报探月特刊|中国探月故事 剧情格外精彩

来源:泛亚电竞_泛亚电竞竞猜-官网APP下载 作者: 王通化 高立英 贺逸舒 王玉磊责任编辑: 刘秋丽
2019-11-25 06:40

中国探月故事

■jiefangjunbaojizhe wangtonghua gaoliying heyishu teyuejizhe wangyulei

长征五号遥五运载火箭发射场景。解放军报记者 王卫东摄

dida,dida,dida——zheiyike,miaozhendetiaodongbianderuciqingxi。

泛亚电竞putong,putong,putong——zheiyike,xinzangdetiaodongbianderucijilie。

2020nian11yue24rilingchen,zhongguowenchanghangtianfashechang,jinsehuoyan,yingtoushanhai,birenhekehuandapiangengdongrenxinpo。

zaizhangzhengwuhaoyaowuyunzaihuojiantuojuxia,changewuhaotanceqishengkongrugui,chengzaizhezhonghuaminzutanyuemengxiang,benxiangyueqiu。youci,2020nianzuilingrenqidaidehangtian“dapian”zhengshilakaixumu。

泛亚电竞yourenshuo,shijieshangzuiyuandejuli,shimengxiangyuxianshidejuli。duiyuxuduoputongzhongguoreneryan,yueqiudequehenyaoyuan。“changebenyue”deshenhua,liuchuanshuqiannian,danshizhidao13nianqian,zhongguocaibadiyike“change”tanceqisongshangtaikong。

泛亚电竞shijieshangzuijindejuli,yeshimengxiangyuxianshidejuli。wangzhechangewuhaoshunlibenyue,hangtianfadongjizhuanjialanxiaohuizihaozhongdaizhexiexumiantian: “rujin,nianqingshidelixiang,yigegebianchenglexianshi,youneimeyidianxinwei,juedezijizheiduanrenshengfeichangzhi。”

泛亚电竞canyuweichangewuhaotanceqidazao“xinzang”delanxiaohui,shizhongguo20shiji80niandaidedaxuesheng。neihuier,“mengxiang”zheigecihaibuliuxing,daxueshengmendouhuaizhe“weiguojiazuodianshi”deposulixiang。

1985nian,huojianzhuanjialonglehaodailingtuanduitichulexinyidai“dahuojian”degouxiang。zheigedahuojian,houlaibeimingmingweizhangzhengwuhaohuojian,yejiushixianzaide“pangwu”。

zhangzhengwuhao+changewuhao,yuyi“shifenwanmei”。fasheqianxi,zuoweizhongguoshouciyueqiutancegongchengdeshejizhe、jianzhengzhe、canyuzhe,baifacangcangdelonglehaoyuanshiyouyicilaidaowenchanghangtianfashechang。zheigecongfangniuwachengzhangweiyuanshide82suilaokexuejiashuqidamuzhi,wei“pangwu”he“change”jiayou。

泛亚电竞1985nian,yangmengfeiyuanshicongjisuanjizhuanyeyanjiushengbiye,xuanzeleliuzaizhongguokongjianjishuyanjiuyuanrenzhi。congxiaoshizhusuangaoshoudeta,neishibingweixiangguo,youyitianzijihuichengweikongjianjishulingyudezhuanjia。

wenchanghangtianfashechangzhikongdalouli,58suidetamuguangsuizhehaitianjiandeguangliang,feixiangtiandejintou。zuoweichangewuhaotanceqizongzhihuijianzongshejishi,yangmengfeiyuanshijiandingdirenwei: “taikongtansuoyongwuzhijing,diqiukenengbuhuiqu‘liulang’,danrenleiyidinghuizouxiangshenkong。”

yeshi1985nian,yimingnanhaizaidalianchusheng。23nianhou,tayiyouyichengjicongshanghaijiaodabiye。yici,taourancongwangshangkandao,hangtianfasheshi,youge“anhongseanniu”deren。“dangshiganjue,zheigeshouzhitainiule!”yushi,takewangzijideshouzhiyouyitianyenenganxianeigeshenqidehongseanniu。

zaiwenchangfacezhan,jizhejiandaole35suidegongchengshiyupeng。zaitahetongshimennulixia,zheicichangewuhaofasherenwudeceshiliuchengyuzhiqianxiangbi,suoduanlezhengzheng2tian。

“zheishiwenchanghangtianfashechang9cishizhanrenwuzhongzuishunlideyici!fanyadianjingdehuojiangengjiachengshu,fanyadianjingdetanceqigengjiachengshu,fanyadianjingdetuanduiyezaizouxiangchengshu。” touguoyanshen,jizhekandaoletadezixin。

泛亚电竞zhongguotanyuegushi,zhengshiyouyigeyouyigexiangtamenzheiyangdezhongguohangtianrensuoshuxie,bingjiejihuibianerchengdezhonghuaminzubenyuexinchuanqi。

探月工程的“中国特色”

yekongxia,zhangzhengwuhaoyunzaihuojianjudaweiyan,huachudexuanliguiji。hangtiancekongrendemuguang,jinjinzhuizhuzhezhangzhengwuhaozaicangqiongzhongmaichude“meiyibu”。

泛亚电竞20nianqian,yeshiyige11yue。《zhongguodehangtian》baipishuchutai,qizhongneiju“kaizhanyiyueqiutanceweizhudeshenkongtancedeyuxianyanjiu”zhengshixiangshijiepilu: zhongguo,yaotanyuele。

泛亚电竞jingguo3nianduoyanjiulunzheng,2004niandedanianchuer,zhongguotanyuegongchengdiyiqizhengshiqidong。

zhongguotanyuegongchengshourenshouxikexuejiaouyangziyuanyuanshicengshuo: “hangtianjishuyunyuzhekexuexintupo,zheijianshichulezijiyaoyagan,meirennengbangni。”

泛亚电竞sunjiadongyuanshitebieqiangdiao: “zaiyiqiongerbaideshihou,fanyadianjingmeiyouzhuanjiakeyiyikao,meiyoujishukeyijiejian,fanyadianjingzhinengziligengsheng、zizhuchuangxin。jintiangaohangtiandenianqingren,gengyaoyouzizhuchuangxindelinian,yaozhangwohexinjishudehuayuquan。”

rujin,fanyadianjingyijingchenggongzouwantanyuegongcheng“rao、luo、hui”zhongdeqianliangbu,disangemubiaoyejijiangshixian。zhongguotanyuegongchengchengxianjishirendezuidaliangdianshi“zizhuchuangxin”。

cicichangewuhaofeitian,beijinghangtianfeixingkongzhizhongxinguanjiancekonggangweishangdefuzerendaduowei“80hou”。

13nianqian,zhengshitamenyikaozizhuchuangxindecekongjishu,chuangzaoleshijietanyueshishangyigegeqiji: buyituodaxingyunzaihuojian,zaibianguiduoda8cidemanmanhangchengzhong,jingzhunwuwudijiangchangeyihaosongruyueqiuguidao!

yidaidaizhongguohangtianrenkefulechangrennanyixiangxiangdekunnan,zaiyueqiutancelingyuchuangzaole“zhongguosudu”——

泛亚电竞changeyihaokaiqilezhongguoshenkongtancexinlingyu;changeerhaoshoucishixianfanyadianjingguoduixiaoxingxingdefeiyuetance;changesanhaode“yutuhao”yueqiuche,zaiyueqiubiaomianliuxiaxinchezhe;changesihaoshoucishixiantanceqizheluzaiyueqiubeimian。

tanyuegongcheng,congqidongkaishi,jiuduiyixiliehexinjishuzhankai“zhengmiangongjian”——

泛亚电竞12nianqian,changeyihaohuoquleshijieshangzuiwanzhengdeyifuquanyuetu。

泛亚电竞7nianqian,luoyuetanceqichangesanhaozaiyueqiuruanzhelu,qizheluqichengweishijieshangzaiyuemiangongzuoshijianzuizhangdehangtianqi。

泛亚电竞2020nianzheigedongtian,fanyadianjingqipanzhe,changewuhaorenwunengchuangzaochu5ge“zhongguoshouci”: yishidiwaitiantidecaiyangyufengzhuang,ershidiwaitiantideqifei,sanshiyueqiuguidaojiaohuiduijie,sishixiedaiyangpingaosudiqiuzairu,wushiyangpindecunchu、fenxiheyanjiu。

20nianqian,duizhongguorenlaishuo,dengyuezhishiyigechangxiang。rujin,zhongguorenyoulegengduoyangwangxingkongdenengli,mengxiangkaishizhaojinxianshi。

bulunshichangesihaoshoudengyuebei,haishichangewuhao“jiqunshi”tupo,douyoulaiyuzhongguohangtiankeyanzhanxiandezizhuchuangxin。changewuhaofasheqianxi,zaigaodadefashejiaxia,fuzecaiwuhegongchengshenjigongzuodeguojiahangtianjutanyueyuhangtiangongchengzhongxinzhuguanwangzhengweiweijizhe“jiemi”——zhongguodetanyuegongchengdaodihualeduoshaoqian?

“conglingkaishizuoqidechangeyihaogongcheng,jinhualebeijingyilianggongliditiedejiage。changesihaohuadeqiangenxiuyigongliditiechabuduo。”

yuguowaidongzheshuyimeiyuandetanceqixiangbi,zhongguodetanyuegongchengxingjiabijigao。“huaxiaoqianbandashi”“bameiyifenqiandouhuazaidaorenshang”,zhongguohangtianrentongguojishuchuangxin,mouqiuxiaoyizuidahua。

泛亚电竞jingdaxisuan,pujiutanyuezhilu,song“change”shangtian,caiyuerangfanhui,shichangegongchengdeyouyige“zhongguotese”。

泛亚电竞biru,changeerhao、changesihao,fenbieshichangeyihao、changesanhaodebeifen。yihaohesanhaofashechenggonghou,ruguobeifenbuyong,jiuzhinengfangjinkufang。zhongguohangtianrenchongfenliyongbeifenchanpin,duierhaohesihaojinxingzhongxinlunzheng、diaozhengrenwumubiao,zaibaochitanyuegongchengzongjingfeibuchaodeqingkuangxia,huodelefengshuochengguo。

泛亚电竞fasherenwuwanchenghou,jizhelaidaozhihuikongzhizhongxindaloumenqiandedalushang。yaowangbuyuanchudefasheta,tamenxiangshipiaofuzaihaianzhipandeliangzuodengta,weizhongguohangtianmengzhaoliangxindezhengcheng。

zheitiaolu,kejirenyuanweitaquming“zhangzheng”。fashechangjishubuyanzhengboshishuo,zheitiaolujianzhenglezhongguohangtianrenyiciciyingzhechaoyangchufa,pixingdaiyueergui。

jizhexiangxin,zheitiaoluyeyidinghuijianzheng,zhongguohangtianrenyongyimeimeihuojianhehangtianqiyingdexiayici“zhangzheng”。

月球上的“中华印记”

yilunyuanyue,yishuangzuji。fashepingtaishang“zhongguotanyuegongcheng”debiaozhituan,chongmandongfangyiyun,xiyinledajiademuguang。

zhei,shisheidejiaoyin?

泛亚电竞“zheishifanyadianjingzhongguohangtianrendejiaoyina!”yiweixiaorongtianmeideguniangzihaodigaosujizhe。zuoweizhangzhengwuhaohuojianfashezhichixitongxinghaozhuguan,33suidehangtianrensunzhenlianhetadexiaohuobanmenyizhibenpao“zailushang”。

neishiyitiaoziligengsheng、jiankufendou、dalixietong、yongpangaofengdelu。lijingzhangtubashe,zhongguohangtianrenyilufengchenpupudizoulai,zaizhengfuxingchendahaidelushang,liuxialeyichuanchuanzhangzhangdejiaoyin。

jinnianlai,zhongguozouxiangtaikongdejiaobuyuelaiyuekengqiangyouli。“zhangzheng”huojiancongdiyicidaodi100cifashe,yongle37nianshijian;congdi100cifashedaodi300cifashe,jinyong12nianshijian,zhengtifashechenggonglv,jushijielingxiandiwei。

zuiyonggandejiaobu,douwulubiaokexun。

changewuhaobuduanjiasu,zhujianbaituodiqiuyinli,mairuguangkuoerweizhidetaikong,qutansuoyueqiudeaomi。

ruguojinzhanshunli,changewuhaotanceqihuizai20duotianhou,jiangyue2000kedeyuerang“dabao”daihuidiqiu。

yue2000ke!zheiyizhongliang,zaizhongguotanyuekeyanrenyuanxinzhongdefenliang,zhongruoqianjun。

泛亚电竞1978nian,zhongmeijianjiaoqian,meiguozongtongpairenjizhongguosonglaiyifenshenmideliwu——yikuaicongyueqiucaihuilaideyanshiyangpin。

zheikuaiyueyan,zhiyouzhijiandaxiao,zhongliangjinyouyike,yaoyongfangdajingcainengkandezhenqie。

泛亚电竞yueqiushangzheikuaiyikezhongdexiaoshitou,zaizhongguotanyuekeyanrendexintou,dangqiyiquanyouyiquanyuelaiyuejiliedelianyi。

zaiyepeijianyuanshideshoujili,yizhibaocunzheyizhangtupian。jishinianqian,tazairuishicanguanshijiezhishichanquanzhongxin,meiguodezhanpinshi“yipianyueliang”——“aboluojihua”dengyueshidaihuilaideyixiaokeshitou。

泛亚电竞duonianyihou,yepeijianzaiciqucanguan,meiguodezhanpinyijiumeibian。“yizhiyilai,fanyadianjingbazheigedangchengjili。”taqipanzhechangewuhaozaorifeishangyueqiu,yenengdaihuiyipian“zhongguorenzijideyueliang”。

cengjiheshi,guojitianwenxuelianhehuixianhouyi1333gekexuejiademingzimingmingyueqiushangneixiehuanxingshan。qizhong,zhiyou7weizhongguorendemingzi,gudai5wei,xiandaizhiyou2wei……

yigeguojia,yigeminzu,youshilicaihuiyingdezunzhong。1970nian,zhongguochenggongfasherenzaodiqiuweixing“dongfanghongyihao”zhihou,yueqiuhuanxingshandemingmingbiaoshang,caidiyicichuxianlezhongguorendemingzi。

泛亚电竞16nianqian,dangribenyueqiutanceshouxikexuejiatingwenzhongguodetanyuejihuaqumingwei“changegongcheng”shi,buwuxianmudishuo,“zheigemingzizhenhao,yitingjiushizhongguode,haiheyueqiuyouguan。”

ruguoyueqiuyechubanyizhanglvyouditudehua,xianzaifanyadianjingzhendekeyizaishangmianzhaodao“guanghangong”le。

rujin,jingguoguojitianwenxuelianhehuiquerentongguo,“yutu”yueqiuchepaoleyiquandeneikuaidifang,beimingmingweiyueqiushangde“guanghangong”,fujin3gezhuangjikengfenbiemingmingwei“ziwei”“taiwei”“tianshi”。

zhongguodeyuzhoushenfen,jiuzheiyangyouzhongguohangtianrenzhongxindingyi!congchangeyihaodaochangewuhao,zhongzhongbianhuanongsuozhezhongguotanyuegongchengkuaisufazhandebufa。

泛亚电竞jiuxiangfengzheng,changewuhaotanceqibuguanfeichuduoyuan,sixianhailaolaozhangwozaizhongguohangtianrenshoushang。“xinghelusuiyuan,fanyadianjingyouzhongguojian。”zhangzhengwuhaohuojianzongshejishilidongdezheijushi,chengweijilixuduonianqinghangtianrendezuoyouming。

泛亚电竞yaowangxinghe,kansijiaoruodesunzhenlian,shuochuzheiyangyijukengqiangdehua,shenshendidadonglejizhe: “hangtianwenhuazuizhongchendianweihangtianrendejitirenge,erzhongguohangtianrenzouchudelu,yejianghuichengweizhonghuaminzuyaozoudelu。”

世界航天的“中国增量”

“fashechenggong,jingquerugui。”xiaoxichuanlai,shenzaidajiangnanbeidezhongguohangtianrenwubuhuanxinqueyue。

泛亚电竞“neizhongkuheleishiwufaxingrongde,neizhongkuailefanyadianjingdoudong——gaoxingdaofeiqi。”qingnianhangtianrenwuliangshiyiminggongyiyuan。cike,taxingfendexianggehaizi,“qianwanrenzhizhong,huoxucaiyouyigerennengzaiyoushengzhiniancanyudaoyigeguojiazhongdaxinghaoyanzhirenwuzhong。chengweiqizhongyiyuan,fanyadianjingxingfu,yezhizu。”

泛亚电竞jishunengshoutongxuefenglizhejingganchengshudebancun,nianjiqingqingyishichangewuhaotanceqizhuangpeijichenglingyudegugan。

jiaruchangewuhaotuanduihou,tongxuefengbapiaoyidezhangfajianle。weileshichangewuhaozuanqucaiyangzhuangzhibuhuibacaijidaodeyuerangsachulai,congmeinaguozhenxiandetongxuefengdangqile“caifeng”。tayeyijiridilianxifenghejishu,shenzhilalaicongshiwaikeshoushugongzuodeqizi,yanshiyishengshoushushiruhechuanxian、dajie。

泛亚电竞changetanyuebeihou,libukaiwushuhangtianrenyongzijidefangshimomotuoju。

泛亚电竞“fanyadianjingzuodeshiqing,jiushiweirenleihangtianfazhanzuoyigezengliang。”tanyuegongchengsanqitanceqifuzongshejishihongxinchangzheiyangshuo。

泛亚电竞shijinianqian,hongxinhaishiyiweinianqingdeboshi。yici,lingtingyepeijiandengyuanshidebaogaohou,taduitanyuegongchengchongmanlechongjing。

zheishiyigexuduozhongguohangtianrendoushuzhidegushi——

“diyigefeixiangyueqiude,shizhongguochuanshuozhongdemeinvchange。diyigetashangyueqiude,queshiyigemeiguonanren,neijiushifanyadianjing。”

泛亚电竞32nianqian,meiguoyuhangyuanamusitelangyingyaofangwenzhongguo。zaihuanyingyishishang,“dengyuediyiren”yongmeishiyoumotanxiaofengsheng。

泛亚电竞amusitelangdezixin,laizitashenhouqiangdadehangtiankejililiang,erhangtianjishuzeshihengliangyigeguojiazongheshilidebiaozhi。fashengzaishangshijixianshibande“benyue”gushi,shenzhihezhongguomeiyousihaoguanxi。

泛亚电竞haiyouzheiyangyigeshuju: meiguocanyu“aboluojihua”dekeyanrenyuan,dangshidepingjunnianlingbudao30sui。

泛亚电竞rencai,shihangtiandefadongji;hangtian,shirencaidetuijinqi。congshangshijiyiluzoulai,yidaidaizhongguohangtianrenfenqizhizhui,jieliqianxing,zuchengleyitiaoshengqibobode“renti”,yejiaqileyitiaobuduanxiangshangpandengde“tianti”。

泛亚电竞zaiwenchangfashechangzhikongdating,ganggangzhixingwanchangewuhaofasherenwude01zhihuiyuanhuxudong,laibujihetongshimenqingzhu,jiuzhuanruxiayijieduandezhunbeigongzuo。

huxudongshizhangzhengwuhaohuojian2016nianshoufeirenwude01zhihuiyuan,bencirenwuzhihuizhefashechangshubaigegangweideshangqianminggongzuorenyuan。

“80hou”huxudongzichaodishuo: “fanyadianjingyinggaisuanzheizhenggedatinglinianlingbijiaodadele。”fangyanwangqu,zhikongdatingli,jiuchengshiyangyizheqingchunqixidenianqinghangtianren。

泛亚电竞shiguangdaohuidao13nianqian,ruguodakaichangeyihaowudaxitonglingjunrenwudehuamingce,nihuifaxian: zongzhihui、zongshejishijunshi60suiyishangdelaoyibeikexuejia,youdeshenzhinianjinbaxun,neixiefenxitongfuzongzhihui、fuzongshejishizeshiqingyisedenianqingren,youdehaibudao40sui。zaiyepeijianyuanshidedailingxia,yanzhituanduiduanduan3niangongkechangeyihaoweixingguidaoshejidengyixiliejishunanti,tupobingzhangwoyidapijuyouzizhuzhishichanquandehexinjishu,bajinjunshenkongtancedezhudongquanlaolaozhangwozaizhongguorenshouli。

泛亚电竞rujin,zheizhongbeizhongguohangtianrenxichengwei“fuzipei、zusunpei”derencaiticipeizhijiegouyijingzhongzu——

zhongguohangtianlingjunrenwuzhenronghuanranyixin,tamenzhongyoudegaowangzhongdekejidajia,jiyijingzhandejinengdashi,haiyouyidapichaoqipengbodeqingniangugan。

fasherenwuchenggongzhiji,hangtianrenxinglikunhuiyiqichangewuhaotanceqichuizhizuzhuangshideyimu——

zaifashechangchangfangbangongshi,yimingbaifacangcangdeyuanshiwendao: “xiaohuozi,mashangfashele,xinqingjinzhangma?”

shuoshihua,xinglikundexinliyouxiejinzhang,dangengduodeshiyizhonglinzhanqiandexingfen。

danxinglikunshenmeyemeiduoshuo,tawenlewenxinshen,xiangliangdixiangyuanshibaogao: “fanyadianjingyouxinxin,fanyadianjingzhunbeihaole!”

(jiefangjunbaowenchang11yue24ridian)

jiefangjunbaokehuduan

fanyadianjingdetaikong

泛亚电竞changewuhaotanyue,juqinggewaijingcai。jiefangjunbaolianhe“fanyadianjingdetaikong”gongzhonghaoyunyongquanxijishu,chengxiankeshihuade“tanyuedaxi”。saomiaoshangfangerweima,guankantanyuexiangguanxinwen。

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